Tools for businesses

Local businesses

Local Business, Local Peace: the Peacebuilding Potential of the Domestic Private Sector is a collection of experiences of local businesspeople in conflict-affected societies where concrete steps have been taken to reflect on their own relationship to the conflict context, and contribute to peace. The publication includes some lessons for development agencies on supporting a positive role for business in conflict zones.


Conflict-Sensitive Business Practice: Guidance for Extractive Industries (CSBP) is a set of tools to help multinational companies concerned with improving their impact on host countries to begin thinking more creatively about understanding and minimising conflict risk, and actively contributing to peace.

The following screening tools act as a departure point for conflict-sensitive business practices. They provide analysis of the risk of conflict or conflict-escalation through research of the conditions associated with conflict.

Macro-level Conflict Risk and Impact Assessment tool (M-CRIA):

M-CRIA is designed to bridge the gap in normal political and financial risk assessment in analysing conflict risk. The process consists of a series of steps that involve substantial and continuous consultation with local representatives and the production of a conflict analysis report that must be constantly revised as circumstances change.

The guiding principle is consideration of the conflict in and of itself, and not in a company or project context. Stakeholder engagement, conducted as a two-way dialogue not an information gathering mission for the company, is a central aspect of the process and ensures that host communities have a vested interest in the success of the project from the outset.

For more information, see Section 3: M-CRIA of CSBP.

Project-level Conflict Risk and Impact Assessment tool (P-CRIA)

P-CRIA fills the same gaps as M-CRIA on a local or project level. It is a mechanism for a company to generate a social licence to operate’ and as such is the crux of operationalising conflict-sensitive business practices.

Methodology for this stage of conflict-sensitive business practice includes participatory analysis, particularly for those residing in areas impacted by the project; good communication and strong local relationships; and shared decision-making.

The company is required to go through a number of key steps to ensure successful implementation of P-CRIA. The steps involve a comprehensive participatory analysis of the context and stakeholders, including developing a rich understanding of the host society; and design and implementation of mitigating strategies which must address all aspects of business impact and be constructed in conjunction with the host community.

For more information, see Section 3: P-CRIA of CSBP