Conflict Analysis Tools

The following tools have been selected from Chapter 2 of the Resource Pack. They have been chosen according to the following criteria:; – sufficient documentation to describe the tool adequately; – each tool was used by at least one organisation; – the tools cover both micro- and macro-level conflict analysis; – the tools represent a wide range of approaches to conflict analyses.; Although the team behind the Resource Pack strived to document the practice and experience of smaller Southern-based organisations a brief glance at the list of tools reveals that most have been developed by Northern NGOs and donor agencies.; This list is not comprehensive and will need to be further adapted to each organisation and each context. Rather than either choosing one tool ‘off the rack’ or creating an entirely new tool we strongly encourage organisations to tailor relevant elements of existing tools to develop appropriate hybrids.

DEV = Development
HA = Humanitarian Assistance
PB = Peacebuilding
FP = Foreign Policy

1) Strategic Conflict Assessment (SCA) – DFID, DEV

Purpose: Country/regional strategic planning, can also be applied to projects/ programmes

Level: Regional, national, local

Potential Users: DFID and partner bilateral / multilateral agencies desk officers

Assumptions: Combine political and economic dimensions; greed/grievance; structures and actors

Methodology: Combination of desk study and field consultations

Resources: Assessment team (5 people).
Consultation meetings in-country

2) Benefits/Harms Handbook – CARE, DEV/HA

Purpose: Analysis, impact assessment and project (re)design

Level: Local – mainly project level

Potential Users: NGO project managers, field staff

Assumptions: Focus on rights-based approach

Methodology: Desk-based and field research and possible workshop consultations

Resources: Varies – few hours in emergencies to more detailed workshops / consultations

3) Conflict analysis Framework (CAF) – World Bank, DEV

Purpose: Country strategic planning

Level: National, can also be adapted to (sub) regional

Potential Users: Multilateral organisation desk staff / planners

Assumptions: Focus on socio-economic dimensions of conflict

Methodology: Checklist; Desk studies, workshops, stakeholder consultations, consultants

Resources: Full CAF analysis resource intensive (workshops, consultations, consultants); but can be simplified

4) Conflict Analysis ans Response Definition – FEWER, PB

Purpose: Early warning, country strategic planning

Level: National, local

Potential Users: Diplomats, donor desk officers, NGOs

Assumptions: Focus on conflict dynamics

Methodology: Ongoing analysis by local civil society organisations

Resources: Modest for desk study; more for training or workshops

5) EC Checklist for Root Causes of Conflict – European Commission, DEV

Purpose: Early warning, strategic and programme planning

Level: National, regional

Potential Users: Multi- and bilateral donor desk officers, diplomatic actors

Assumptions: Focus on structural root causes of conflict

Methodology: Checklist; external research capacity

Resources: Limited as mainly desk-based

6) Working with Conflict: Skills and Strategies for Action: Responding to Conflict – PB

Purpose: Conflict analysis, programme planning

Level: Local, national

Potential Users: Local and INGO staff, field and headquarters

Assumptions: Focus on understanding conflicts

Methodology: Collection of tools for participatory conflict analysis

Resources: Limited depending on format (workshop, consultation meetings etc.)

7) Making Sense of Turbulent Contexts (MSTC): Analysis for Humanitarian Actors – World Vision, DEV/HA

Purpose: Conflict analysis, project planning

Level: National, regional

Potential Users: NGO emergency response, development and advocacy staff

Assumptions: Focus on chronic political instability, dovetails with Do No Harm

Methodology: Collection of tools, flexible application

Resources: Variable, depending on use of tools, desk study or consultations

8) Do No Harm/Local Capacities for Peace Project

Purpose: Conflict analysis, project monitoring and impact assessment

Level: Local

Potential Users: Donor, NGO (international and local) staff

Assumptions: Focus on dividers and connectors in conflict

Methodology: Workshop, integration into standard procedures

Resources: Limited, for workshop

9) Conflict and Policy Assessment Framework (CPAF) – Clingendael Institute, DEV/F

Purpose: Conflict analysis, country strategic planning

Level: National, sectoral

Potential Users: Donor and embassy staff

Assumptions: Focus on indicators of internal conflict and state failure

Methodology: External research capacity, workshops

Resources: Costs of preparing for and holding workshops, can include external consultant involvement

10) Early Warning and Preventetive Measures – UN Staff College, ALL

Purpose: Early warning, conflict analysis, design

Level: National

Potential Users: UN staff (HQ and field), other donor agencies or NGOs

Assumptions: Focus on human security and human rights framework

Methodology: Training/workshop setting

Resources: Training materials, facilitation, workshop / training costs

11) Conflict Assessment Framework – USAID, DEV

Purpose: Conflict analysis, country and project planning

Level: National

Potential Users: Donor desk officers, implementing partners, other US government officials

Assumptions: Broad scope, synthesis of other tools

Methodology: Desk study, workshop, follow up integration into programming strategy

Resources: For desk study, in country visit and follow-up work.

12) Conflict Analysis for Project Planning and Implementation – GTZ, DEV

Purpose: Conflict analysis, country and project planning

Level: National, project

Potential Users: Donor, NGO desk officers, project managers

Assumptions: Broad scope, synthesis of other tools

Methodology: Combination of desk study and empirical research, tools for participatory conflict analysis

Resources: Costs of organising workshops and consultation meetings

13) FAST Methodology – Swiss Peace, DEV/FP

Purpose: Early warning, risk assessments

Level: National, can be sub-regional

Potential Users: Government ministries, development agencies, NGOs, international organisations

Assumptions: Event data analysis (quantitative and qualitative)

Methodology: Field information collection, desk-based analysis

Resources: Resource intensive for maintaining local information networks and specialist analysis network

14) Conflict Diagnostic Handbook – CPR/CIDA, PB/DEV

Purpose: Conflict and stakeholder assessment

Level: Country, regional

Potential Users: Development practitioners

Assumptions: Devising evidence-based peacebuilding strategies

Methodology: Mainly workshop setting analysis

Resources: Costs of organising and presenting workshop

15) Better Programming Initiative – IFRC, HA

Purpose: Conflict assessment, training

Level: Programme; local, national, regional

Potential Users: Red Cross/Red Crescent National Societies, delegation and other staff

Assumptions: Focus on aid fostering long-term reconciliation and recovery

Methodology: Analysis and training

Resources: Depending on scope of assessment or length of training